Broadway producers interested in recording musicals for streaming platforms should pay attention to a new lawsuit.
The complaint was filed by Chapman Roberts, a Broadway music arranger, and alleges that a team of Broadway producers entered into an agreement with the plaintiff in 1994 to make original vocal arrangements of some famous songs from Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller for their musical revue, Smokey Joe’s Café. According to the complaint, the contract stated that Roberts’ arrangements in the show could not be performed, transcribed, recreated, copied, published, or recorded without his permission.
But, according to the complaint, in 1999, Broadway Television Network recorded a couple of performances of the Tony Award-nominated show without Roberts’ permission.
“When Roberts learned of this, he contacted BTN, and BTN then asked retroactively for permission to commercially distribute the recording of the [m]usical to the public,” his lawyers claim. But, it is alleged that no agreement was ever reached, and Broadway Television Network broadcast the recording as several pay-per-view events and then licensed it for distribution through BroadwayHD, a video on-demand service for musicals and plays.
More recent digital streaming licenses of the recording purportedly have occurred, and in October, Roberts sued Broadway Television Network, BroadwayHD, and several other related parties in federal court, alleging direct and contributory copyright infringement and the intentional and knowing distribution of false Copyright Management Information.
The merits of this lawsuit aside, which the court will decide in due course, Broadway producers should bear in mind the following three lessons from the allegations in the lawsuit.
1. When creating an audiovisual recording of a theatrical production, Broadway producers should be certain to obtain all of the necessary rights. Experienced entertainment attorneys can help producers determine which rights are necessary and who owns them – and then negotiate the deals for those rights.
2. The rights to various protectible elements required to perform a work on stage do not necessarily include the right to create and exploit an audiovisual recording of the same work on stage. While some contracts might include provisions that address audiovisual productions, for many elements of a theatrical production, it is likely that the audiovisual rights will need to be granted in a separate license agreement.
3. If Broadway producers cannot successfully obtain all of the necessary rights for an audiovisual recording of a theatrical production, then they should not proceed with distributing the recording. Missing some of the necessary rights will frustrate deals with distributors who do their homework, and the recording might result in a lawsuit, like this lawsuit involving Smokey Joe’s Café.
The case is Chapman Roberts v. BroadwayHD LLC et al., Index No.: 1:19-cv-9200 (S.D.N.Y. Oct. 4, 2010).